Finnish Spitz: Meet & Learn About this Lovable Breed

August 24, 2023

The Finnish Spitz is a charming and intelligent breed that has captured the hearts of many dog lovers around the world. Known for their fox-like appearance and vibrant red coat, these dogs have a rich history as hunting dogs in their native Finland. However, they have also become popular as family pets due to their playful and affectionate nature.

In this guide, we will explore the origins and history of the Finnish Spitz, their temperament and personality, physical characteristics, training needs, and health considerations. We will also provide tips on finding reputable breeders and acquiring Finnish Spitz puppies, as well as insights into socializing and exercising them. Whether you are a current owner or considering adding a Finnish Spitz to your family, this guide has something for you.

Finnish Spitz in the woods

Key Takeaways

  • The Finnish Spitz is a lovable breed known for its fox-like appearance and playful nature.
  • They have a rich history as hunting dogs in Finland.
  • This guide will cover their origins, temperament, physical characteristics, training needs, and health considerations.
  • We will also provide tips on finding reputable breeders and acquiring Finnish Spitz puppies, as well as insights into socializing and exercising them.

Origin and History of the Finnish Spitz

The Finnish Spitz, as its name suggests, is a breed of dog that originated from Finland. The breed is believed to have been developed as far back as 2,000 years ago and was widely used as a hunting dog, primarily for tracking birds and other small game.

The Finnish Spitz has a unique history, as it is one of the few breeds that has remained almost unchanged over time. In fact, the breed was recognized as the national dog of Finland in 1979, due to its important role in Finnish culture and history. The breed was also recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1988.

Evolution of the Breed

The Finnish Spitz’s history can be traced back to the ancient Spitz-type dogs that were brought to Finland by nomadic peoples. These dogs were bred with local dogs, resulting in a breed that was specialized for hunting. The Finnish Spitz was then selectively bred to develop the traits that would make it an ideal hunting dog, such as strong scenting abilities and a loud bark that could alert hunters to the location of game.

Over time, the breed became more refined and developed the physical and behavioral characteristics that are still present in the modern-day Finnish Spitz. Despite being bred for hunting, the breed also became a beloved companion dog due to its friendly and loyal nature.

Finnish Spitz Temperament and Personality

If you're looking for a charming and lovable companion, look no further than the Finnish Spitz. This breed is known for its friendly and intelligent nature, making them a popular choice for families and individuals alike.

One of the unique characteristics of the Finnish Spitz is their love of attention. They thrive on human interaction and form strong bonds with their owners. This breed is also known for their vocalization, often using different sounds and barks to communicate with their humans.

As a hunting breed, Finnish Spitz have a natural instinct to chase and hunt small animals. However, with proper training and socialization, they can coexist peacefully with other pets in the home.

The Finnish Spitz is an intelligent breed that enjoys mental stimulation, such as puzzle toys and interactive games. They are also known for their independent streak, which can make training a bit of a challenge. Consistency and positive reinforcement are key when it comes to training a Finnish Spitz.

Overall, the Finnish Spitz is a delightful breed with a charming personality and a lovable nature. They make loyal and affectionate companions for those who are willing to give them the attention and training they need to thrive.

Characteristics of the Finnish Spitz

The Finnish Spitz is a small-to-medium-sized dog breed with a distinctive fox-like appearance. Their most notable feature is their bright and dense reddish-gold coat, which is water-resistant and enables them to withstand harsh climates.

These dogs have a wedge-shaped head with small, erect ears and alert, almond-shaped eyes that are typically dark in color. They have a muscular and compact body with a bushy tail that is carried high over their back.

The Finnish Spitz has a unique vocal ability, which is often described as a yodel or a bark that changes pitch. They are known for using their voice to communicate with their owners during hunting, but also to express their joy and excitement during playtime.

In terms of size, Finnish Spitz dogs typically reach a height of 15-20 inches and weigh between 30-35 pounds. They have a life expectancy of 12-15 years, which is relatively long compared to other breeds of their size.

Training a Finnish Spitz

Training a Finnish Spitz can be a rewarding experience for both the owner and the dog. These intelligent and independent dogs require patience and consistency in their training, but with the right approach, they can excel in a variety of activities.

Start Early

It's important to start training your Finnish Spitz early on in their life, as they can be stubborn and difficult to train as they get older. Begin with basic obedience training, such as teaching them to sit and stay, and gradually progress to more challenging activities.

Use Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is the most effective method of training for Finnish Spitz dogs. Reward good behavior with treats, praise, and affection, and avoid punishing or scolding them for mistakes.

Be Patient and Consistent

Training a Finnish Spitz can take time and patience. Be consistent with your commands and training schedule to establish a routine. Consistency will ensure that your Finnish Spitz knows what behavior is expected of them.

Provide Mental Stimulation

Finnish Spitz dogs are intelligent and need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Incorporate training sessions into playtime and provide toys and puzzles that challenge their minds.

By following these guidelines, you can train your Finnish Spitz to be a well-behaved and happy companion.

Caring for a Finnish Spitz

Caring for a Finnish Spitz involves paying attention to their grooming, exercise, and nutritional needs. These dogs are generally low-maintenance, but there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure their health and happiness.


The Finnish Spitz has a beautiful red coat that requires regular brushing to keep it looking its best. A good brushing two to three times a week will help remove loose hair and prevent matting. It's also important to keep their ears clean and their nails trimmed to prevent any discomfort or infections.


The Finnish Spitz is an active breed that requires regular exercise to keep them happy and healthy. Daily walks or runs are recommended, and they will also enjoy playing in a fenced yard or participating in dog sports such as agility or obedience training.


A high-quality, balanced diet is essential to the health of any dog, including the Finnish Spitz. It's important to choose a food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level, and to avoid overfeeding to prevent obesity. Always provide fresh water and consult with a veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about your dog's diet.

Finnish Spitz in the backyard

Finding Finnish Spitz Breeders

If you have decided that the Finnish Spitz is the perfect breed for you, the next step is finding a reputable breeder. It is always important to ensure that you are acquiring your new furry friend from a responsible and ethical source.

One of the best ways to find Finnish Spitz breeders is through the American Kennel Club (AKC) website. The AKC has a comprehensive list of breeders that are registered and adhere to their stringent guidelines and standards. You can also check with the Finnish Spitz Club of America, which is another reliable resource for finding responsible breeders.

When searching for a breeder, it is essential to ask questions and do some research. A good breeder will be happy to answer any questions you may have and provide you with all the necessary information about their breeding program. Take the time to ask about the health and temperament of their Finnish Spitz dogs, their breeding practices, and their experience in breeding Finnish Spitz.

It is also essential to visit the breeder's facilities in person to see how the dogs are being raised and to ensure that the environment is clean and healthy. This will give you a chance to interact with the puppies and assess their temperaments.

Remember that buying a Finnish Spitz puppy is a long-term commitment, so it is crucial to ensure that you are acquiring your new companion from a reputable breeder who has the best interests of the dogs at heart.

The Process of Acquiring Finnish Spitz Puppies

If you have decided that the Finnish Spitz is the right breed for you, there are several options for acquiring a puppy. Here are some things to consider:


The first option is to adopt a Finnish Spitz from a rescue or shelter. This is a great choice for those who want to save a life and give a second chance to a dog in need. You can start by searching online for Finnish Spitz rescues or checking with your local shelters. Keep in mind that adoption fees may apply and the dogs may have a history of previous training or health issues.

Purchase from a Breeder

If you decide to purchase a Finnish Spitz puppy from a breeder, it is important to find a reputable one who follows ethical breeding practices. You can start by researching online, checking with national and local breed clubs, and asking for recommendations from other Finnish Spitz owners. When you find a breeder you are interested in, visit their facility and ask questions about their breeding program. A responsible breeder will be happy to answer any questions you have and provide you with health clearances for both the parents and puppies.

Once you have found a breeder you trust, be prepared to be placed on a waiting list. It is common for Finnish Spitz breeders to have a waiting list for their puppies, so be patient and prepared to wait several months before a litter becomes available.

Responsibility in Ownership

Regardless of how you acquire your Finnish Spitz puppy, it is important to be a responsible owner. This includes providing proper training, socialization, healthcare, and exercise. Avoid purchasing puppies from pet stores or backyard breeders who may not follow ethical breeding practices and may not provide adequate healthcare for their puppies. By being a responsible owner, you can ensure that your Finnish Spitz puppy has a happy and healthy life with you.

Socializing a Finnish Spitz

Socializing your Finnish Spitz from a young age is crucial to their development and well-being. These dogs are naturally independent, but they still require regular interaction with people and other dogs to become comfortable with different situations and environments.

Start by introducing your Finnish Spitz to a variety of people, including family members, friends, and strangers, as well as other dogs and animals. Expose them to different environments, such as parks, the beach, or busy streets, so they can become accustomed to different sights, sounds, and smells.

It's important to monitor your Finnish Spitz's behavior during socialization and provide positive reinforcement when they exhibit good behavior. Use treats and praise to reward them for interacting positively with people and other animals.

Remember that socialization is an ongoing process that requires patience and consistency. Even after your Finnish Spitz has reached adulthood, continue to expose them to new experiences and environments to keep their social skills sharp.

Overall, socializing your Finnish Spitz is an important part of ensuring they are confident, well-behaved, and happy in a variety of situations.

Exercise Requirements for Finnish Spitz

Finnish Spitz dogs are energetic and active, requiring regular exercise to keep them healthy and happy. They are a breed that enjoys physical activities such as hiking, jogging, and playing fetch. As with any dog, it is important to tailor their exercise routine to their individual needs and abilities. Here are some tips for exercising your Finnish Spitz:

  • Provide daily exercise: Finnish Spitz dogs require at least 30-60 minutes of exercise every day to maintain their physical and mental well-being.
  • Engage in regular playtime: Playtime is a great way to exercise your Finnish Spitz and bond with them at the same time. Incorporate games such as fetch or hide and seek, and include plenty of interactive toys.
  • Vary the routine: Finnish Spitz dogs can become bored with the same exercise routine. Mix things up by trying new activities or visiting new places.
  • Consider outdoor activities: Finnish Spitz dogs love spending time outdoors and exploring new surroundings. Take them on hikes, walks, or runs in nature, and let them explore and sniff around.
  • Adjust to their age and health: As Finnish Spitz dogs age, they may require less vigorous exercise. Take note of any health issues or injuries that may require modifications to their exercise routine.

Remember to always provide plenty of fresh water and take breaks as needed during exercise. With regular exercise and attention, your Finnish Spitz will thrive and be a happy, healthy companion.

Common Health Issues in Finnish Spitz

Like all dog breeds, Finnish Spitz can be prone to certain health conditions. It's essential to stay informed about these conditions so you can take preventative measures and seek treatment promptly if needed.

Health IssueDescription
Patellar LuxationA condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position, causing pain and discomfort for the dog. It's a common condition among smaller dogs, including the Finnish Spitz.
Hip DysplasiaA genetic condition where the hip joint doesn't develop correctly, causing pain, inflammation, and eventual arthritis in the joint. This condition can be managed through medication and lifestyle changes, but in severe cases, surgery may be necessary.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)A degenerative condition that causes gradual vision loss and eventually blindness. PRA is a genetic condition, and affected dogs should not be bred.
Bladder StonesA condition where minerals in the urine form crystals that can clump together to form stones in the bladder, causing discomfort and pain. This condition can be prevented through diet and lifestyle changes.
Ear InfectionsFinnish Spitz are prone to ear infections due to their long, floppy ears that can trap moisture and bacteria. Owners should regularly clean their dog's ears and watch for signs of infection, such as discharge, odor, or excessive scratching.

It's crucial to keep up with regular veterinary check-ups and address any health concerns immediately. Proper nutrition, exercise, and grooming can also help prevent health issues in Finnish Spitz dogs.

Finnish Spitz in American Homes

The Finnish Spitz is a lovable and intelligent breed that can make a great addition to American homes. However, like any other dog breed, it is important to carefully consider whether this breed is the right fit for your family and lifestyle.

One of the key factors to consider is living conditions. Finnish Spitz do best in homes with a yard or access to outdoor space where they can fulfill their exercise needs. They are an active breed that requires daily exercise and mental stimulation to avoid boredom and destructive behaviors. If you live in an apartment or a small house without a yard, a Finnish Spitz may not be the best fit for you.

Family dynamics are also important. Finnish Spitz are generally good with children but can sometimes be wary of strangers. Proper socialization from a young age is important to ensure they become well-adjusted and friendly adult dogs. They also have a strong prey drive and may not be suitable for households with small pets.

Finally, lifestyle compatibility is key. Finnish Spitz are an intelligent and independent breed that can sometimes be stubborn. They require consistent and patient training to ensure they become well-behaved adult dogs. If you have a busy lifestyle or are not able to provide the necessary training and exercise requirements, a Finnish Spitz may not be the best fit for you.

In summary, Finnish Spitz can make wonderful pets in American homes with the right living conditions, family dynamics, and lifestyle compatibility. As with any other breed, it is important to carefully consider these factors before bringing a Finnish Spitz into your life.


In conclusion, the Finnish Spitz is an intelligent and charming breed that makes a great addition to any family. Their unique physical characteristics and lovable personality traits make them an attractive option for potential dog owners. However, it is important to remember that owning a Finnish Spitz comes with responsibilities such as proper training, grooming, and exercise. Finding a reputable breeder and providing a loving and caring home is key to ensuring the health and happiness of your Finnish Spitz. Overall, this breed is a wonderful choice for those seeking a loyal and affectionate companion.


Q: What is the history of the Finnish Spitz breed?

A: The Finnish Spitz breed has a rich history as a hunting dog in Finland, known for its excellent tracking skills and vocal abilities.

Q: What is the temperament of the Finnish Spitz?

A: Finnish Spitz dogs are known for their charming and intelligent nature. They are often friendly, lively, and independent.

Q: What are the characteristics of the Finnish Spitz?

A: The Finnish Spitz is characterized by its fox-like appearance, with a vibrant red coat, erect ears, and a curled tail.

Q: How should I train a Finnish Spitz?

A: Training a Finnish Spitz requires patience and consistency. They are intelligent and independent, so positive reinforcement and reward-based methods work best.

Q: What is the proper care for a Finnish Spitz?

A: Caring for a Finnish Spitz involves regular grooming, daily exercise, and proper nutrition. Regular vet check-ups are also important to ensure their overall health.

Q: How can I find reputable Finnish Spitz breeders?

A: When looking for Finnish Spitz breeders, it is essential to do thorough research, ask for recommendations, and visit the breeder in person to ensure responsible breeding practices.

Q: What is the process of acquiring Finnish Spitz puppies?

A: The process of acquiring Finnish Spitz puppies can involve adoption, purchase from a breeder, or finding available puppies through rescue organizations. Responsible ownership is always encouraged.

Q: How important is socializing a Finnish Spitz?

A: Socializing a Finnish Spitz from a young age is crucial for their overall well-being and behavior. Proper socialization helps them become well-adjusted, confident dogs.

Q: What are the exercise requirements for a Finnish Spitz?

A: Finnish Spitz dogs have moderate exercise requirements. Daily walks, playtime, and mental stimulation are important to keep them physically and mentally stimulated.

Q: What are some common health issues in Finnish Spitz?

A: While Finnish Spitz dogs are generally healthy, they may be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and patellar luxation. Regular vet check-ups can help detect any potential problems early on.

Q: Are Finnish Spitz suitable for American homes?

A: Finnish Spitz can adapt well to American homes, but it's important to consider factors such as living conditions, family dynamics, and lifestyle compatibility before bringing one into your home.

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