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Discover the Elegant Sloughi: Breed Insights and Care Tips

August 22, 2023

Welcome to our comprehensive guide to the Sloughi breed. If you're looking to learn more about these elegant and graceful dogs, you're in the right place. In this article, we'll delve into the history, temperament, and physical characteristics of the Sloughi, as well as offer essential care tips for owners. Whether you're a seasoned Sloughi enthusiast or considering adopting one for the first time, this guide has everything you need to know.

Sloughi standing in the woods

Key Takeaways:

  • The Sloughi is an elegant and agile hunting breed with a gentle temperament.
  • They have a rich history as a Moroccan sighthound and African gazelle hound.
  • Sloughis require regular exercise, grooming, and a balanced diet for optimal health and well-being.
  • Early socialization and positive reinforcement training are essential for Sloughis to thrive as family pets.
  • Finding a reputable breeder or adopting from a breed-specific rescue can help ensure a happy and healthy life for your Sloughi.

The Graceful Sloughi Breed

With their sleek and elegant appearance, the Sloughi breed is often referred to as the "Arabian Greyhound." These agile hunting dogs are known for their grace and speed, making them a favorite of many hunters across North Africa and the Middle East.

The Sloughi's long, lean body is built for speed and endurance, allowing them to chase down prey with ease. Their smooth, short hair comes in a variety of colors, including cream, red, black, and fawn, often with a black mask on their face.

Despite their hunting heritage, the Sloughi is gentle and reserved, making them excellent companions for families who can provide them with plenty of love and attention. They are independent thinkers, so it's important to establish mutual trust and respect through consistent training and socialization.

The Elegant Hunting Breed

The Sloughi's elegance extends beyond their appearance. Their hunting style is also graceful and efficient, making them a valuable asset to their owners. They are sight hounds who use their keen eyesight to track prey from a distance, and then their speed to catch it.

Although the Sloughi has a strong prey drive, they are not aggressive towards humans or other animals. With proper socialization, they can live peacefully with other pets in the household. However, they do require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

If you're thinking about adding a Sloughi to your family, be prepared for a loyal and affectionate companion who will bring grace and elegance to your home.

An Ancient History

The Sloughi breed has a long and ancient history, originating in North Africa as a sighthound breed. Some historians believe that the Sloughi may even be one of the earliest dog breeds in existence, with evidence dating back to the Egyptian pharaohs.

Often referred to as the Moroccan sighthound or the African gazelle hound, the Sloughi was prized by nomadic tribes for its hunting abilities. These dogs were used to chase down and catch game such as gazelles, rabbits, and other small prey.

Despite their widespread use throughout North Africa, the Sloughi was relatively unknown in the Western world until the late 19th century. In 1886, the French started to show interest in this exotic breed and began importing them to Europe.

Today, the Sloughi is still a rare breed outside of its native North Africa, but it has gained a small but dedicated following among dog enthusiasts who appreciate its unique history and elegant nature.

Understanding Sloughi Temperament

The Sloughi is a gentle and reserved breed that is known for its calm demeanor. They tend to be thoughtful and introspective dogs, taking time to assess their surroundings before engaging with unfamiliar people and animals. Unlike some breeds, Sloughis do not typically show aggression, but they may be hesitant or aloof when encountering new situations.

Due to their independent nature, Sloughis may require patient training and socialization to help them feel comfortable in a variety of settings. Positive reinforcement methods work best with this breed, as they respond well to praise and rewards rather than harsh discipline.

It's important to note that Sloughis have strong hunting instincts, so they may show a tendency to chase small animals or run off if they catch a scent. For this reason, they should always be kept on a leash or in a securely fenced area when outside.

In summary, Sloughis are calm, thoughtful dogs that require patient training and socialization to help them feel at ease in new situations. They respond best to positive reinforcement methods and should always be supervised when outside due to their strong hunting instincts.

Physical Characteristics of Sloughis

The Sloughi is a medium-sized breed that typically weighs between 50 and 65 pounds and stands 24 to 29 inches tall at the shoulder. Their lean, athletic build allows them to move quickly and with grace, which makes them an agile hunting breed. Their unique coat and color variations include black, cream, fawn, red, and brindle, providing a diverse range of options for potential owners.

The Sloughi's coat is short and smooth, providing them with protection against the heat of the North African deserts where they originated. They also have large and expressive eyes that give them a gentle, intelligent expression.

Sloughi Coat and Color Variations

BlackJet black with no markings.
CreamLight cream color with no markings.
FawnLight tan or pale brown with darker points on the ears and tail.
RedDeep red with no markings.
BrindleVaries in color from light to dark, with stripes that may be thin or wide.

Regardless of their coat color or markings, Sloughis are known for their elegant and graceful appearance and their ability to move with a remarkable combination of speed and agility.

Sloughi Care Guide

Sloughis are a low-maintenance breed when it comes to grooming, but they do require regular exercise and a nutritious diet to stay healthy and happy.


Sloughis are athletic dogs that require daily exercise to maintain their lean and muscular physique. A brisk walk or jog once or twice a day is usually sufficient, but they also enjoy running in large, open spaces. It's important to keep Sloughis on a leash or in a securely fenced area when outside, as their hunting instincts can lead them to chase after small animals.


Sloughis have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. Weekly brushing with a soft-bristled brush will help remove loose fur and distribute natural oils for a shiny coat. Baths should only be given as needed, as frequent bathing can strip the coat of its natural oils. Nails should be trimmed regularly, and teeth should be brushed weekly to prevent dental issues.


A high-quality, balanced diet is essential for a Sloughi's health and well-being. A diet that is rich in protein and low in carbohydrates is ideal for this breed. It's important to adjust their diet based on their age, weight, and activity level. Always consult with a veterinarian before making any dietary changes.

Health Check-ups

Regular check-ups with a veterinarian are important for monitoring a Sloughi's health and catching any potential health issues early on. Vaccinations, parasite prevention medication, and routine blood work are recommended. Sloughis are generally healthy dogs, but they may be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy.

By following these care tips, Sloughi owners can ensure that their beloved pets remain healthy, happy, and well-cared-for.

Training a Sloughi - Tips and Techniques

While Sloughis are intelligent dogs, they can also be independent, which can make training a bit challenging. However, with patience and consistency, you can teach your Sloughi good manners and obedience.

Positive reinforcement techniques work best with Sloughis. This means rewarding good behavior with treats, praise, and affection. Avoid using harsh punishment or physical force, as it can cause fear and mistrust in your dog.

Start training your Sloughi at a young age, but keep in mind that they mature more slowly than many other breeds. Be patient and go at your dog's pace.


Early socialization is important for Sloughis. Expose them to a variety of people, animals, and environments to help them develop confidence and learn proper behavior. Be sure to supervise all social interactions to prevent any negative experiences.

Sloughis can be sensitive to loud noises, so be sure to introduce them to different sounds gradually and in a positive way.

Basic Commands

Teach your Sloughi basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and heel. Use positive reinforcement to reward good behavior and gradually increase the difficulty of the commands as your dog gets more comfortable.

Consistency is key when training a Sloughi. Use the same commands and rewards every time to avoid confusion.

Leash Training

Sloughis love to run and explore, but it's important to train them to walk calmly on a leash. Start by introducing the leash gradually and rewarding your dog for walking calmly by your side.

Use a front-clip harness to prevent pulling and avoid using a retractable leash, which can cause your Sloughi to become distracted and pull away.

Advanced Training

Sloughis can excel in advanced training, such as agility and lure coursing. These activities provide mental and physical stimulation for your dog and help strengthen the bond between you.

Remember to always use positive reinforcement techniques and to go at your dog's pace. With patience and consistency, your Sloughi can become a well-behaved and obedient companion.

Elegant Sloughi laying on the ground

Health Concerns and Maintenance

Sloughis are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they may be prone to certain health issues. It is important to schedule regular check-ups with your veterinarian to ensure your Sloughi is healthy and happy.

Some common health concerns in Sloughis include:

  • Eye problems, such as progressive retinal atrophy
  • Hip dysplasia
  • Heart conditions, such as dilated cardiomyopathy

To maintain their health, Sloughis require regular exercise and a balanced diet. It is important to provide them with a high-quality dog food that meets their nutritional needs.


Sloughis have a short, smooth coat that requires minimal grooming. They do shed, but not excessively. Brushing your Sloughi once a week is usually sufficient to keep their coat looking shiny and healthy.

You should also keep your Sloughi's ears clean and dry to prevent infections. Additionally, make sure to trim their nails regularly to prevent them from getting too long and causing discomfort or pain.

Socializing Your Sloughi

Socializing your Sloughi is an essential part of their upbringing, helping them develop into well-adjusted dogs that can adapt to various environments and interact safely with other animals and people. Early socialization involves exposing your Sloughi puppy to different sights, sounds, smells, and experiences, in a positive and controlled way. Here are some tips to help you socialize your Sloughi:

  • Introduce your Sloughi puppy to new people, dogs, and animals gradually, ensuring that they are supervised and on a leash if necessary.
  • Expose your Sloughi puppy to different places and situations, such as parks, roads, buildings, and cars, to help them become comfortable in different environments.
  • Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats or toys, to reward your Sloughi puppy for good behavior, and avoid using punishment or fear tactics.
  • Provide your Sloughi puppy with plenty of opportunities to play and interact with other dogs, as this will help them learn canine social skills and communication.
  • Enroll your Sloughi puppy in a puppy socialization class, where they can learn alongside other puppies of similar ages and sizes, under the supervision of a qualified trainer.

Remember that socialization is an ongoing process, and it's important to continue exposing your Sloughi to new experiences and reinforcing positive behaviors throughout their life. By taking the time to socialize your Sloughi properly, you can help them become well-adjusted, confident, and happy members of your family.

Sloughis as Family Pets

Sloughis make great family pets for those who appreciate their gentle and affectionate nature. This breed is known for their loyalty and devotion to their owners, making them the perfect addition to any family.

Sloughis are also capable of living harmoniously with children and other pets, provided they are socialized properly. They are gentle creatures, but still have the hunting instinct programmed in them, so they should always be supervised around smaller animals.

It is important to note that Sloughis can be reserved with strangers, which is a trait that is deeply ingrained in their DNA. With proper socialization and training, however, they can learn to be comfortable around unfamiliar people and new situations.

If you are looking for a loving and loyal companion who will fit in well with your family, a Sloughi could be the perfect choice.

Finding a Sloughi Puppy

If you have decided that a Sloughi is the right breed for you, the next step is to find a reputable breeder who can help you find the perfect puppy. Here are some tips to help you in your search:

Research Potential Breeders

Start by researching potential breeders in your area. Look for breeders who have a good reputation and who are involved in the Sloughi community. You can also check with the American Sloughi Association for a list of breeders in your area.

Ask Questions

When you find a breeder you're interested in, don't be afraid to ask questions. A good breeder will be happy to answer any questions you have and will also want to ask you questions to ensure that you're the right fit for a Sloughi. Ask about the breeder's experience with the breed, the health and temperament of the puppies' parents, and any health guarantees or contracts they offer.

Visit the Breeder

Before committing to a puppy, visit the breeder in person. This will give you a chance to meet the puppies, as well as their parents, and see how they are cared for. A good breeder should be happy to give you a tour of their facilities and answer any additional questions you have.

Be Patient

Finding the right Sloughi puppy may take some time, so be patient and don't rush into a decision. A reputable breeder will want to make sure that their puppies are going to good homes, so be prepared to wait for the right puppy to come along.

Remember, a Sloughi puppy is a long-term commitment, so it's important to find a breeder who is dedicated to producing healthy, well-adjusted puppies.

Sloughi Adoption and Rescue

Adopting or rescuing a Sloughi can be a rewarding experience for both the dog and the owner. It is important to note that Sloughis may end up in rescue or shelters due to various reasons such as their high exercise needs, strong prey drive, and potential difficulties in training. However, by considering adoption or rescue, you can provide a loving home to a Sloughi in need.

If you are interested in adopting a Sloughi, you can start by contacting reputable Sloughi rescue organizations. These organizations can offer you guidance on the adoption process and may have Sloughis available for adoption. You may also want to consider contacting local animal shelters as they can sometimes have purebred dogs available for adoption.

When adopting a Sloughi, it is important to do your research and choose a reputable organization or shelter. Ask questions about the dog's history, temperament, and medical needs. If possible, meet the dog in person and spend time with them to see if they are a good fit for your family and lifestyle.

It is also important to note that when adopting a Sloughi, you may encounter some challenges due to their independent nature and potential lack of socialization. However, with patience and dedication, you can help your adopted Sloughi become a well-adjusted and happy member of your family.

If you are unable to adopt but still want to help Sloughis in need, consider supporting Sloughi rescue organizations through donations or volunteering your time. Your support can make a significant difference in the lives of Sloughis who are waiting for their forever homes.


Overall, the Sloughi breed is a unique and elegant breed that has a rich history and loyal following. While they may not be the best fit for every household, those who appreciate their gentle and reserved nature will find them to be loving and affectionate companions.

If you are considering bringing a Sloughi into your home, it is important to do your research, find a reputable breeder or rescue organization, and be prepared to provide the proper care and attention they need to thrive.

Whether you choose to adopt or purchase a Sloughi, the rewards of having this beautiful breed in your life are immeasurable. With their striking appearance, graceful movements, and loving personalities, they are sure to capture your heart and bring joy to your family for years to come.


Q: Can Sloughis live in an apartment?

A: Sloughis can adapt to apartment living if they receive regular exercise and mental stimulation.

Q: Are Sloughis good with children?

A: Sloughis can be good with children if properly socialized and supervised, but they may prefer a calm and quiet environment.

Q: How much exercise do Sloughis need?

A: Sloughis are an active breed and require daily exercise, including long walks and opportunities to run in a secure area.

Q: Do Sloughis shed a lot?

A: Sloughis have a short, smooth coat that does not require excessive grooming, and they are considered to be a low to moderate shedding breed.

Q: Are Sloughis good with other pets?

A: Sloughis can coexist with other pets if properly introduced and socialized from a young age.

Q: How trainable are Sloughis?

A: Sloughis are intelligent but can be independent, so they require patient and consistent training methods that focus on positive reinforcement.

Q: What are some common health issues in Sloughis?

A: Sloughis may be prone to certain health issues such as autoimmune diseases, hip dysplasia, and eye problems. Regular veterinary check-ups are important.

Q: How can I socialize my Sloughi?

A: Early socialization is crucial for Sloughis. Expose them to various environments, people, and animals, and provide positive experiences to ensure they grow up well-rounded.

Q: Can Sloughis be left alone for long periods?

A: Sloughis are a breed that thrives on companionship, so they may not do well if left alone for long periods. They prefer to be with their owners.

Q: Where can I find a Sloughi puppy?

A: To find a Sloughi puppy, it is recommended to contact reputable Sloughi breeders who adhere to responsible breeding practices and prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs.

Q: Are there Sloughi rescue organizations?

A: Yes, there are breed-specific rescue organizations that focus on finding homes for Sloughis in need. Consider adopting or rescuing a Sloughi and giving them a second chance at a loving home.

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