Secure checkout

Spanish Water Dog: Breed Info, Care Tips & Playful Companions

August 22, 2023

Welcome to our guide to the versatile and playful Spanish Water Dog. Originating in Spain, these dogs were primarily used for herding, hunting, and water retrieving. But as they’ve become more recognized as a unique breed, they’ve also become well-loved family pets. In this article, we’ll cover everything you need to know about the Spanish Water Dog, including their history, characteristics, care and grooming, training, health considerations, and more.

Spanish Water Dog laying by a lake

Key Takeaways

  • The Spanish Water Dog is a versatile and playful breed originally used for herding, hunting, and water retrieving.
  • They make for great family pets due to their loving and loyal nature, as well as their ability to adapt to various households.
  • Proper care and grooming, training, and socialization are key to raising a healthy and well-behaved Spanish Water Dog.

History of the Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog, also known as the Perro de Agua Español, has a long history dating back to ancient times. It is believed that they were brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors during their occupation of Spain in the eighth century. The breed was originally used as a working dog, specifically for herding and guarding livestock and as a hunting companion.

The Spanish Water Dog's ability to work in water is what truly sets them apart. They were used to herd fish into the nets of fishermen and even to retrieve lost fishing gear from the water. Their curly coat, which is hypoallergenic and water-resistant, provides insulation in cold water and protection from the sun in warmer climates.

Despite their popularity as working dogs, the Spanish Water Dog faced a decline in the 20th century. Fortunately, a group of dedicated enthusiasts worked to preserve the breed and it has since regained its popularity, not just as a working dog but also as a beloved family pet.

Spanish Water Dog Characteristics and Temperament

The Spanish Water Dog is a medium-sized breed with a curly and wooly coat. They have webbed feet and a strong tail, which makes them great swimmers. They are intelligent, energetic, and adaptable, making them suitable for a variety of households.

The Spanish Water Dog is a loyal and loving companion, who bonds deeply with their family. They thrive on human interaction and enjoy being part of all family activities. They are patient with children and get along well with other pets, as long as they are socialized from an early age.

As working dogs, Spanish Water Dogs are highly trainable and excel in obedience and agility competitions. They are quick learners and eager to please, which makes them enjoyable to train and a pleasure to live with.

Due to their high energy levels, Spanish Water Dogs require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behaviors. They enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking, swimming, and running, and are well-suited for families with active lifestyles.

Spanish Water Dog Care and Grooming

Caring for a Spanish Water Dog requires a few specific considerations, including their dietary needs, exercise requirements, and grooming routine.

FeedingSpanish Water Dogs are high-energy dogs that require a nutritious diet to maintain their vitality. Choose a high-quality dog food that meets their specific needs and is free of fillers and artificial additives. Feed them twice a day, and ensure they have access to fresh water at all times.
ExerciseThese dogs are active and enjoy a variety of physical activities, including swimming, hiking, and playing fetch. Provide them with ample opportunities for daily exercise, ranging from short walks to more rigorous activities, depending on their age and health.
GroomingSpanish Water Dogs have a distinctive curly coat that requires regular grooming to maintain its texture and prevent matting. Brush their coat at least once a week using a slicker brush or comb, and use a specialized dog shampoo to bathe them occasionally. Their coat doesn't shed, so additional attention may be required to prevent tangling. Additionally, trim their nails regularly and clean their ears to prevent infections.

To ensure your Spanish Water Dog remains healthy and happy, it's important to provide them with regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and preventive care. By following these basic care and grooming tips, you can help your Spanish Water Dog thrive and enjoy a long, active life as a beloved family member.

Training a Spanish Water Dog

Spanish Water Dogs are highly intelligent and trainable dogs. They thrive on human interaction, which makes them easily trainable. However, like any other breed, early training is crucial in molding them into well-rounded adult dogs. Here are some tips for training your Spanish Water Dog:

Positive Reinforcement Training

Positive reinforcement training methods work best for Spanish Water Dogs. This involves rewarding good behavior with treats, verbal praise, and playtime. It's important to avoid punishment-based training methods, which can lead to fear-based behavior and aggression.


Early socialization is essential for a well-behaved Spanish Water Dog. Introduce them to different people, animals, and environments from a young age to help them become comfortable and well-adjusted. This can help prevent aggression and fear-based behavior later on.


Consistency is key when training a Spanish Water Dog. Establish clear rules and boundaries, and consistently reinforce them. This will help your dog understand what is expected of them and create a sense of stability.

Training Activities

Spanish Water Dogs are natural athletes and excel in agility, obedience, and other dog sports. Incorporating training activities into their daily routines can help keep them mentally stimulated and physically fit. Regular exercise is also important for their overall health and well-being.

Spanish Water Dog Health Considerations

While the Spanish Water Dog is generally a healthy breed, like all dogs, they do have some health considerations to keep in mind. By being aware of these issues, you can take steps to ensure your Spanish Water Dog stays healthy and happy.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common condition in many breeds of dogs, including the Spanish Water Dog. This condition occurs when the hip joint forms improperly, leading to joint deterioration over time. While hip dysplasia can be managed with medication and surgery, it's important to work with a responsible breeder who screens their Spanish Water Dog puppies for this condition to reduce the risk of your dog developing it in the first place. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight can also help keep your dog's joints healthy.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Progressive retinal atrophy is another condition that the Spanish Water Dog may be prone to. This is a degenerative eye disease that can cause blindness. While there is no cure for progressive retinal atrophy, it can be managed with supportive care. To reduce the risk of your Spanish Water Dog developing this condition, work with a responsible breeder who screens their puppies for this disease and schedule regular eye exams with your veterinarian.

Preventive Care

It's important to schedule regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations to keep your Spanish Water Dog healthy. Your veterinarian can also give you advice on parasite prevention and other preventive care measures. By staying on top of your Spanish Water Dog's health needs, you can ensure they stay happy and healthy for years to come.

Finding Spanish Water Dog Breeders

If you're considering adding a Spanish Water Dog to your family, it's crucial to find a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Here are some tips for finding a responsible Spanish Water Dog breeder:

  1. Check out breed clubs: Look for breed clubs in your area or online. These clubs can provide valuable information and resources, including a list of breeders who adhere to the club's standards and code of ethics.
  2. Ask for recommendations: Reach out to local dog trainers, veterinarians, and other pet professionals for recommendations on reputable Spanish Water Dog breeders.
  3. Research online directories: Utilize online directories to find breeders in your area. However, make sure to do your research and verify their reputation before making a purchase.

Remember, responsible breeders will be happy to answer your questions, provide references, and allow you to visit their facilities and meet their dogs. They will also provide health clearances for their breeding dogs and offer ongoing support and guidance after you take your puppy home.

Bringing Home a Spanish Water Dog Puppy

Bringing home a Spanish Water Dog puppy is an exciting time for any family, but it's important to prepare for their arrival in advance. Here are some tips to ensure your new furry friend settles in comfortably:

  • Puppy-proof your house: Puppies love to explore, so it's essential to puppy-proof your house by removing any hazardous items from their reach. This includes sharp objects, toxic substances, and small items that could be swallowed.
  • Set up a safe space: Create a safe space for your puppy to sleep and relax in. This could be a crate or a designated area in your home with a comfortable bed, toys, and water.
  • Introducing your puppy to family members and pets: When introducing your puppy to family members and other pets, it's important to do so gradually and under supervision. Allow them to sniff each other out and use positive reinforcement to promote good behavior.
  • House training: House training your puppy may take some time and patience, but with consistency and positive reinforcement, they will learn quickly. Take your puppy out at regular intervals and praise them for going to the bathroom outside.
  • Crate training: Crate training can help your puppy feel secure and provide them with a safe space when you're not at home. Introduce the crate gradually, and use positive reinforcement to encourage your puppy to go inside.

With these tips, you'll be well on your way to a happy and healthy life with your new Spanish Water Dog puppy.

Spanish Water Dog as a Playful Companion

If you're looking for a fun-loving and active companion, the Spanish Water Dog may be just the breed for you. These dogs are known for their high energy levels and love for outdoor activities, making them an ideal match for families with an active lifestyle.

One of the Spanish Water Dog's favorite activities is swimming, and they excel in various water sports such as dock diving, water trials, and retrieving games. They are also known for their playful nature and enjoy games like fetch and tug-of-war.

Aside from their love for physical activities, Spanish Water Dogs are loyal and loving companions who bond closely with their human families. They thrive in a household where they can receive plenty of attention and interaction, and they are particularly fond of children.

If you're considering a Spanish Water Dog as a companion, be prepared to provide plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. They do well in homes with a securely fenced yard, but they can also adapt to apartment living as long as they receive enough exercise and attention.

Overall, the Spanish Water Dog's playful and energetic nature makes them a great addition to an active and loving family. With their intelligence, loyalty, and love for fun, they are sure to provide years of joy and companionship.

Spanish Water Dog playing in the water

Spanish Water Dog's Contribution to Water Sports

The Spanish Water Dog has a long history of working as a water dog, making them a great candidate for various water sports. Their natural abilities include diving, swimming, and retrieving, which makes them perfect for water trials, dock diving, and retrieving games.

In water trials, the Spanish Water Dog competes in various exercises that evaluate their ability as a water dog. These exercises include retrieving, jumping, and swimming. They also participate in dock diving competitions, where they exhibit their impressive jumping abilities by leaping off a dock and into the water. In addition, they excel in retrieving games, where they retrieve objects from the water, such as frisbees or balls.

As an active and energetic breed, the Spanish Water Dog enjoys spending time in the water, making water sports a great way to keep them mentally and physically stimulated. If you are an avid water sports enthusiast, the Spanish Water Dog could be the perfect companion for you.

Spanish Water Dog and Children

The Spanish Water Dog is an excellent breed for families with children, as they are patient, gentle, and playful. However, it is important to teach children how to interact with dogs and respect their boundaries.

When introducing a Spanish Water Dog to children, it is important to supervise their interactions and teach them how to approach and pet the dog properly. Children should also know not to pull the dog's ears or tail, or climb on them.

The Spanish Water Dog's patient nature makes them a great companion for children, and they can form strong bonds with their human siblings. However, it is important to teach children about responsible pet ownership, including the importance of providing proper care and exercise for their furry friend.

Spanish Water Dog and Other Pets

The Spanish Water Dog has a generally friendly and social nature, making them suitable for multi-pet households. Introducing them to other pets must be done with patience and care, following the guidelines below.

Introduce Them Slowly

When bringing home a new pet, introducing them slowly to the existing pets is critical. Take the time to supervise and monitor interactions until you're confident that they're getting along well.

  • Start with brief interactions in a neutral territory. Use a leash to control them if necessary.
  • Allow them to sniff each other and get acquainted gradually.
  • Gradually increase the time they spend together, always supervising them closely.

Monitor Their Interactions

While you're monitoring their interactions, watch out for any signs of aggression or territorial behavior. If any such signals occur, separate them immediately.

  • Make sure they each have their designated space to retreat to where they can relax and feel safe.
  • Feed them in separate areas
  • Be careful with toys and treats, which may trigger resource guarding issues

Encourage Positive Interactions

When they're interacting positively, reward them with treats and praise to reinforce good behavior. This will help build trust and positive associations between them

  • Encourage them to play together and engage in positive interactions.
  • Provide each pet with individual attention and time with you to prevent any feelings of jealousy.

Following these guidelines will increase the likelihood of a happy and harmonious home with your Spanish Water Dog and other pets.

Spanish Water Dog: A Loving and Loyal Family Member

The Spanish Water Dog's intelligence, loyalty, and loving nature make them an excellent addition to any family. They are highly adaptable, and their playful and energetic nature makes them an ideal companion for families with active lifestyles.

Their patient and gentle nature also make them great with children, and they can be easily trained to coexist with other pets in the household. With proper socialization and training, Spanish Water Dogs can form strong bonds with both human and animal family members.

They are also versatile in their abilities, excelling in various water sports and outdoor activities. Their ability to learn quickly also makes them suitable for obedience training and other dog sports, enhancing their bond with their owner.

All in all, the Spanish Water Dog's loving and loyal nature, adaptability, and intelligence make them a wonderful choice for families looking for an active and devoted companion.


The Spanish Water Dog is a versatile and intelligent breed that makes for a playful and loving companion. From their origins as working dogs to their current role as family pets, they have maintained their loyalty and adaptability. If you are considering adding a Spanish Water Dog to your household, make sure to provide proper care, grooming, and training. Regular check-ups with a trusted veterinarian can ensure a happy and healthy life for your furry friend.

With their love for water sports, outdoor activities, and games, Spanish Water Dogs are a great fit for active families with children and other pets. They are known for their gentle and patient nature, making them a perfect choice for families with young kids. Socialization and proper introductions can ensure a harmonious relationship with other pets in the household.

If you are looking for a breed that is both playful and loyal, the Spanish Water Dog might just be the perfect fit. With their curly coat, medium size, and affectionate temperament, these dogs can make a great addition to various types of households. So, go ahead and consider the Spanish Water Dog as a loving and active family member!


Q: What is the origin of the Spanish Water Dog?

A: The Spanish Water Dog has a rich history dating back several centuries. They were originally bred in Spain for various water-related tasks, such as herding and retrieving.

Q: How big do Spanish Water Dogs typically get?

A: Spanish Water Dogs are medium-sized dogs, typically weighing between 35-49 pounds and standing around 16-20 inches tall at the shoulder.

Q: Are Spanish Water Dogs good with children?

A: Yes, Spanish Water Dogs are known to be gentle and patient with children. They can make great companions for families with kids.

Q: Do Spanish Water Dogs require a lot of grooming?

A: Yes, Spanish Water Dogs have a curly coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting. They may also need periodic trimming to maintain their coat's appearance.

Q: Are Spanish Water Dogs prone to any health issues?

A: Like all dog breeds, Spanish Water Dogs can be prone to certain health issues. Some common ones to be aware of include hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Regular vet check-ups and preventive care are important.

Q: How can I find a reputable Spanish Water Dog breeder?

A: It's important to do thorough research and choose a responsible breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Resources like breed clubs and online directories can be helpful in finding reputable breeders.

Q: Are Spanish Water Dogs good with other pets?

A: Spanish Water Dogs can generally get along well with other pets, including cats and other dogs. Proper introductions and gradual socialization are key to ensuring a harmonious household.

Q: Are Spanish Water Dogs easy to train?

A: Yes, Spanish Water Dogs are known for their intelligence and eagerness to learn. With positive reinforcement training methods and early socialization, they can be easy to train and well-behaved.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *